Europe’s Human Brain Project – can a billion Euros buy a brain?
In January Henry Markram got a late Christmas present. After intense international competition, Markram’s quest for a brain simulation received one of the largest grants in the history of science – 500 million euros from Europe’s new Technology “Flagship” program.
The European Human Brain project is a large expansion of Markram’s “Blue Brain” efforts which have made amazing progress over the past several years. With this level of funding the HBP appears to have left the USA’s DARPA SyNAPSE as something of a funding pauper. However as politicians begin to recognize the significance of thinking computers DARPA is likely to get much higher funding.
From the HBP Executive Summary:
We propose that the HBP should be organised in three phases, lasting a total of ten years.
For the first two and a half years (the “ramp-up” phase),
the project should focus on setting up the initial versions of
the ICT platforms and on seeding them with strategically selected data. At the end of this phase, the platforms should be
ready for use by researchers inside and outside the project.
For the following four and a half years (the “operational
phase”), the project should intensify work to generate strategic data and to add new capabilities to the platforms, while
simultaneously demonstrating the value of the platforms for
basic neuroscience research and for applications in medicine
and future computing technology.
In the last three years (the “sustainability phase”), the
project should continue these activities while simultaneously
moving towards financial self-sustainability – ensuring that
the capabilities and knowledge it has created become a permanent asset for European science and industry