We’ll be keeping tabs on the human connectome project as well as the remarkable DARPA SyNAPSE and BLUE BRAIN. Connectome is working to map the human brain, and they already have a very interesting gallery and information online:
An early goal of the Human Connectome project is to discover how a relatively small number of genes can define such complex structure. One explanation offered by researchers there is to compare the brain to a big city where a huge “two dimensional” flat network of streets interacts with three dimensional buildings. As in the brain a relatively simple and somewhat repetitive structure can branch into enormous complexity and possibilities.