IBM’s Aug 18th Press Release announced another significant milestone for the DARPA SyNAPSE project, the world’s best funded and arguably the “most likely to succeed” approach to creating a general artificial intelligence.
The release notes that the new chips represent a departure from traditional models of computing:
…. cognitive computers are expected to learn through experiences, find correlations, create hypotheses, and remember – and learn from – the outcomes, mimicking the brains structural and synaptic plasticity.
To do this, IBM is combining principles from nanoscience, neuroscience and supercomputing as part of a multi-year cognitive computing initiative. The company and its university collaborators also announced they have been awarded approximately $21 million in new funding from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) for Phase 2 of the Systems of Neuromorphic Adaptive Plastic Scalable Electronics (SyNAPSE) project.
As we’ve noted here many times, another remarkable project is the Blue Brain Project in Europe spearheaded by Dr. Henry Markram. That team has joined with many others and is in the process of applying to the European Union for substantial funding – perhaps as much as 1.6 billion dollars. Although Blue Brain tends to shy away from stating that their objective is a general artificial intelligence, I would argue that they should have that goal and also that they are much more likely to be funded by stating that goal in no uncertain terms.
Unfortunately there remain many both in and outside of technology circles who believe the search for a general artificial intelligence is either dangerous or a waste of time and money. Both these scenarios are possible but unlikely. Sure, intelligence can be dangerous but given human history compared to technology history it seems odd to argue that we are more likely to create a Frankenstein than a helpful machine process. Computers don’t kill people, people kill people.
In terms of a waste of time and money, clearly we humans have overrated our intelligence for some time – probably since the beginning of self-awareness. There are few rational reasons to reject the idea that we cannot duplicate processes that are similar to our own thinking in a machine. The advantages of machine based intelligence are likely to be substantial – probably on the order of a new human age with vastly improved resource efficiency, poverty reduction, and more. Thus the costs – currently measured in the low tens of millions – pale in comparison to almost all other government projects – many with massively dubious and negative ROIs.